In general, obesity is known to be a risk factor for breast and colon caner, but until now, no studies have revealed how the effects of obesity vary depending on premenopausal and menopausal stage.
The research team at Samsung Medical Center collected data on obesity in approximately 6million women who participated in the national health and cancer screening program between 2009 and 2014, and subsequently recorded the incidence of breast and colon cancer.
According to research team, obesity increased the risk of breast and colon cancer after menopause, meanwhile, showing no correlations between obesity and incidence of breast and colon cancer during normal menstruation.
For breast cancer, compared to the normal weight group(BMI 18.5-23), the risk of cancer increased by 11% for overweight(BMI23-25), 28% for obese(BMI25-30), and 54% for severely obese groups(BMI>30).
Similar findings also applied to colon cancer. When examining the risk of incidence, those who were overweight were 6%, obese were 13%, and severely obese were 24% higher than those in the normal weight group.
It is clear that the increasing risk of breast and colon cancer is associated with the levels of obesity.
The study was published in the Breast Cancer Research and Treatment and also in the Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and prevention which is the official publication of the American Association for Cancer Research.
Written by Samsung Medical Center